Timeline – Kirkby

 

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Traditional date of first settlement and simple chapel

870 A.D.
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Domesday Survey - Kirkby cited as 'Cherchebi' - part of the 'West Derby Hundred' - population around 70

1086
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Little change to the rural farming community but frequent changes of land ownership

11-16th Century
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The Molyneux family complete the purchase of the entire Kirkby manor lands

1596
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Whitefield House and nearby dovecote (pigeon house) erected

c.1703
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New chapel built on the site of former ancient building

1766
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Charles William Molyneux created 1st Earl of Sefton

1771
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Kirkby School built

1806
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Kirkby Tithe Map and Apportionment Schedule completed

1839
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• New vicarage built in Old Hall Lane
• Kirkby Railway Station opens as part of the Liverpool, Bolton and Bury line
• Kirkby Waterworks, built by St Helens Corporation completed

1848
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Birth of Robert Atherton (Robin o' Bob's), ploughboy poet: known as the Lancashire 'Burns'

1861
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New parish church of St. Chad consecrated. Ceremony performed by the Lord Bishop of Chester

1871
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Old Kirkby Chapel taken down

1872
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St. Helens Waterworks pumping station built at Kirkby

1881
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Strike by agricultural workers for better pay and shorter hours

1913
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Robert Atherton (Robin o' Bob's) buried at St. Chad's churchyard

1930
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East Lancashire Road (A580) built: dual carriageway linking Liverpool with Manchester officially opened by King George V, 18th July 1934

1934
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Royal Ordnance Factory built: employing 20,000 workers at its peak

1939-41
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ROF site bought by Liverpool Corporation with a view to develop a trading estate

1946
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Kirkby land bought by Liverpool Corporation from Earl of Sefton for housing development

1947
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Former Royal Ordnance Factory hostel site at Kirkby Fields becomes Kirkby Training College, a facility to provide emergency training to teaching staff following the war, officially opened 5th July 1948

1948
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Liverpool City and Lancashire County officials meet to discuss Kirkby 'New Town'

1949
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Development of new housing in Southdene, Westvale and Northwood. The Kirkby Industrial Estate expands to become one of the largest in the country

1950s
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First batch of students arrive at the new Federation of Malaya Teachers' Training College, Kirkby Fields, 2nd January 1952

1952
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Kirkby Urban District Council created

1958
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Kirkby Market opened

1960
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• Kirkby’s population 52,207 (Census)
• Opening of Westvale Community Centre
• Opening of Webster Park
• Opening of Kirkby College of Further Education
• Opening of Kirkby Police Headquarters

1961
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Closure of the Malayan Teachers' Training College at Kirkby Fields after 1,300 teachers are trained in a period of ten years

1962
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• Kirkby Library opened 18th March, 1964
• Kirkby Stadium opened 20th June 1964 by the Rt. Hon. Harold Wilson, M.P.

1964
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Building work begins on new Kirkby Civic Centre

1966
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• Kirkby's landmark waterworks building and tower demolished
• Phase I of the Tower Hill Estate completed, Phase II begun
• Kirkby Town Football Club, Simonswood Lane, opened by J. Harold Wilson, 7th April 1967

1967
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Opening of the "Civic Buildings" by Prime Minister Rt. Hon. J. Harold Wilson, O.B.E., M.P., 19th April, 1969

1969
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• Local government re-organisation - Kirkby becomes part of the new Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley
• Kirkby Sports Centre opened by Wilfred Byron, Clerk of the Council, 29th March

1974
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Opening of Kirkby's ASDA store , 30th September 1975

1975
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J & A Cinema, Kirkby, shows its first film: Paint Your Wagon, 4th January 1976

1976
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Queen Elizabeth II visits Kirkby as part of a tour of Merseyside

1978
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Kirkby's ASDA store closes, 24th August 1979

1979
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Kirkby's J & A Cinema closes, 1st August 1982

1982
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Regeneration of Kirkby Town Centre including Kirkby Library. Two new installations erected in Newton Gardens: a multi-coloured clock tower and a bandstand for community events

mid-1990s
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• QVC opens a call centre and warehouse in South Boundary Road and becomes a major local employer
• The Academy, Liverpool F.C.'s training ground and youth academy opens in Kirkby

1998
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Brookfield High School merged with Ruffwood School to form Kirkby Sports College, Centre for Learning, on the site of Brookfield. Officially opened 2nd October 2009

2009
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Kirkby Sports College, Centre for Learning, converts to academy status and becomes known as Kirkby High School, September 2013

2013
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• The newly refurbished covered Kirkby Market opens - 26th April 2014
• The Kirkby Centre opened (in the regenerated Kirkby Suite building) Norwich Way, bringing together key services including: Kirkby Library, ARK (Archive Resource for Knowsley), Gallery, One Stop Shop and Adult Disability Day Service

2014
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Two of three public artworks installed in Kirkby town centre: the 'Tree of Life' and 'Edward's Elephant'

2015
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• Official opening of Kirkby's new bus station after refurbishment, 14th October 2016
• The final piece of three public artworks is installed in Civic Square, outside The Kirkby Centre. The artwork consists of three colourful winged thrones, each with its own distinctive features

2016
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Information board commemorating the Malayan Teachers’ Training College at Kirkby Fields unveiled at Granborne Chase on 60th anniversary of the declaration of Malaya’s independence (31st August 1957)

2017
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Former Kirkby Library building in Newtown Gardens demolished March 2018. A new cinema is to be constructed on the site

2018
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• Confirmation that Knowsley Council become the official owner of Kirkby Town Centre, November 2019, following negotiations with St Modwen. Total cost of the deal is £43.8 million • Construction begins on the new retail development. Also, a new car park situated on the site of the former Golden Eagle Hotel, Cherryfield Drive, is begun, December 2019

2019
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Opening of The Maples in Northwood, a state-of-the-art facility of 100 apartments for people aged 55 and over, provided under the Extra Care scheme, February 2020

2020